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This Documents Library contains many of the external documents produced by SPARC. However, it is very much a working area. Users who wish to access SPARC documents are therefore advised to search our Resource Centre first to access a range of peer reviewed key documents and tools.

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Documents Library

 




Anambra IGR Improvement Strategy

A strategy to improve internally generated revenue in Anambra State.


Anambra IGR Improvement Strategy.pdf  |  Download




Anambra State OHoS Establishment Plan June 2014

Developing the Establishment Plan is part of the corporate planning process. It is about defining the posts in the new structure of the Office of the Head of Service that was agreed during the earlier corporate planning exercise. This report reviews the current situation and then presents a new Establishment Plan for the Office of Head of Service and Job Descriptions for the key posts.

 


Anambra State OHoS Establishment Plan June 2014.pdf  |  Download




BPSR Kaduna Reform Update Newsletter

The objectives of this quarterly Newsletter are two-fold. Firstly, to fulfil one of BPSR's core functions which is to disseminate information about the Kaduna State Public Service Reforms. Secondly, to interface with stakeholders by ensuring that the experiences of public servants, as the reform progresses, are communicated to the respected readers.


Reform Update Newsletter (Maiden Edition).pdf  |  Download
Reform Update Newsletter Vol 1 Issue 2.pdf  |  Download
Reform Update Newsletter Vol 1 Issue 3.pdf  |  Download
Reform Update Newsletter Vol 1 Issue 4.pdf  |  Download




Compliance Evaluation Questionnaire

Compliance Evaluation Questionnaire .pdf  |  Download




Customer Satisfaction Questionnaire

Customer Satisfaction Questionnaire.pdf  |  Download




Enugu State debt profiling template





Evaluation of Conditional Grants Scheme Outcomes in benefitting Local Government Areas in the North West Zone

'Evaluation of Conditional Grants Scheme Outcomes in benefitting Local Government Areas in the North West Zone'

 


Report on the evaluation of Conditional Grants Scheme outcomes in selected LGAs in the North West Zone May 2015.pdf  |  Download




Framework for Internally Generated Revenue Enhancement (FIRE)

This briefing note is based on support provided by State Partnership for Accountability, Responsiveness and Capability (SPARC) in the development of Internally Generated Revenue (IGR) strategies in selected SPARC states.

 

The framework is intended to provide guidance based on lessons learned, and examples of key areas to be considered during the development of an IGR strategy.

 

In the current fiscal climate state governments are urgently seeking ways of increasing locally generated revenues as federal allocations fall. Whilst this is a good strategy, it must also be seen in the light of realism.  It would be an effort in futility to arbitrarily increase anticipated IGR budgets without considering the realism of such collections - in the light of a state's current situation and realistic expectation of improving revenues


IGR Strategy .pdf  |  Download




Frequently Asked Questions on SPARC support to Governance Reforms in Lagos State December 2014

FAQs on SPARC support to governance reforms in Lagos State (July 2012-June 2014) - December 2014.pdf  |  Download




How To Improve Service Delivery October 2014


This step-by-step guide to improving service delivery is
the second in the series of SPARC How to guides.
SPARC designed the series of How to guides to help
executives, directors and managers in Nigerian federal
and state public services to build and operate services
more strategically and more effectively. This guide
describes the overall approach to improving service
delivery, an approach tested in SPARC-supported
states. The guide captures some of the key lessons
learned between 2010 and 2014.


How To Improve Service Delivery Web.pdf  |  Download




How to prepare realistic budgets: A step-by-step guide

This guide aims to provide guidance on relevant tools and information needed to be able to produce realistic budgets.

It is intended as a source of reference on good budget practices that can be followed by Nigerian States in achieving budget realism.  The guide aims to be readable, which by necessity requires some simplified description of the tools that can be used, and information that can be provided by technicians to politicians, to enable the adoption of more realistic budgets.

 


How to_Prepare Realistic Budgets_WEB.pdf  |  Download




How to Produce Policy Briefs: Experiences from Lagos State

Since 2009, the State Partnership for Accountability, Responsiveness and Capability (SPARC), a UK Department for International Development (DFID) funded programme has been providing support to the Lagos State Ministry of Economic Planning and Budget (MEPB) as a central agency. A major focus of the support is to ensure that MEPB develops policies and strategies that are based on research, data, and statistical evidence.


SPARC helps Nigerian leaders and government workers change governance for the better and supports governance reforms already underway in the country. SPARC works in ten states (Anambra, Enugu, Jigawa, Kaduna, Kano, Katsina, Lagos, Niger, Yobe and Zamfara). It focuses on three aspects of 'good governance':

 

  • Developing responsive policies and strategies that respect the rights of citizens
  • Managing public finances well
  • Managing public services to improve service delivery.

Support to these areas is backed up with help on monitoring and evaluation, and managing knowledge.


This How to guide is an outcome of the interactions of the embedded technical assistance from SPARC and the staff of the Lagos State MEPB Economic Intelligence Unit (EIU); a partnership that fostered a shared understanding of the transition from research findings to a policy brief. The guide presents a snapshot of how to develop policy briefs from research findings; it forms the backbone of future work by EIU in these areas.


How to produce policy briefs_Experiences from Lagos State.pdf  |  Download




How to set up a public service reform institution: A step by step guide

This step-by-step guide on Public Service Reform (PSR) institutions is one of a series of State Partnership for Accountability, Responsiveness and Capability (SPARC) short guides. The series as a whole is designed to help executives, directors and managers in Nigerian federal and state public services to build and operate services more strategically and more effectively.

 

This guide describes approaches to setting up and maintaining institutes and informal institutions to lead and implement PSR. The information has been drawn from experiences in SPARC-supported states, and captures some of the key lessons learned between 2010 and 2014


How to set up a public service reform institution.pdf  |  Download




Jigawa State Government Central Service Charter Guideline February 2014

This service charter guideline is for the use of the central Ministries, Departments and Agencies (MDAs) (e.g. the Office of the Head of the Civil Service [OHoCS], Budget and Economic Planning Directorate [BEPD], Ministry of Finance and Economic Planning [MoFEP], the Civil Service Commission [CSC], and the Office of the Secretary to the State Government [OSSG]) of the Jigawa State public service. It sets out the broad guidelines for developing, monitoring and implementing Service Charters in the MDAs.

 

The Jigawa State Government produced a service charter guideline, called 'Central Service Charter Guideline', initially for the use of central agencies of government such as the OHoCS, OSSG, CSC, MoFEP and BEPD. This was done under the auspices of the OHoCS with technical support of the State Partnership for Accountability, Responsiveness and Capability (SPARC), a Department for International Development (DFID) sponsored programme. After the use of the guideline by the central agencies, the guideline will be adapted or adopted for wider use in the Jigawa public service. Among other things, the guideline covers:

 

Meaning of service charter Benefits of implementing service charters Implementation structure of service charter in the Jigawa State public service Preparation of service charter Typical content of a service charter.

 

There is also an appendix on basic service charter checklist.


Jigawa State Government Central Service Charter Guideline February 2014.pdf  |  Download




Jigawa State Report on Performance against Service Standards in two MDAs (June 2015)

This is a "Report on Performance against Service Standards in two MDAs", published in June 2015, by Jigawa State Government, Office of the Head of the Civil Service.

In 2014, service charters were prepared for the Budget and Economic Planning Directorate and the Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources. After about 12-15 months of the preparation of the service charters, the performance of the two MDAs on their service standards were assessed through self-assessment and stakeholders' feedback in May and June 2015.


Jigawa State Report on Performance Against Service Standards in two MDAs.pdf  |  Download




Jigawa State Service Charter BEPD November 2013

This service charter sets out the services provided by Jigawa State Budget and Economic Planning Directorate, the service performance targets we aim to achieve and the standards to which we will provide these services to our clients. It shows our clients how to give us feedback and details our commitment to regularly review performance. This charter applies to everyone who has contact with the Budget and Economic Planning Directorate including individuals and organizations that refer matters to us for investigation.

 


Jigawa State Service Charter BEPD November 2013.pdf  |  Download




JSG - Expenditure Profile Model - May, 2013





Kaduna PFM Fact Sheets (2011)

These Fact Sheets analyses published data on Kaduna State Government's revenue, capital receipts and expenditure between the years 2004 and 2010. It also include the summary budget and actual financial results for 2004-2010.


factsheet_1_kaduna.pdf  |  Download
factsheet_2_kaduna.pdf  |  Download
factsheet_3_kaduna.pdf  |  Download
factsheet_4_kaduna.pdf  |  Download




Kaduna State - Ministry of Health Service Charter - July 2013

MOH FINAL SERVICE CHARTER .pdf  |  Download




Kaduna State - Service Charter Template - July 2013

Service Charter Template.pdf  |  Download




Kaduna State Service Charter Policy and Guidelines

Kaduna State Government Service Charter Policy and Guideline.pdf  |  Download




Kaduna State Training of Pilot MDAs on Preparation of Service Charters April 2014

The Kaduna State public service began service charter process with agreement of a concept paper and preparation of a service charter guideline in late 2012. Thereafter, in early 2013, the Bureau of Public Service Reforms was trained on implementing the guideline. Later in 2013, five Ministry Departments and Agencies were selected by the Bureau of Public Service Reform to commence the preparation and implementation of service charters and these are: Ministry of Commerce and Industry, Ministry of Education, Ministry of Health, Kaduna State Board of Internal Revenue, and Ministry of Lands, Surveys and Country Planning. After the first technical session, Ministry of Commerce and Industry did not continue with the process.


Kaduna State Training of Pilot MDAs on Preparation of Service Charters April 2014.pdf  |  Download




Kano State Government Service Charter Guidelines October 2013

This document sets out broad guidelines for developing, monitoring and implementing Service Charters. It is designed primarily to assist management of MDAs, staff of Service Delivery Units (SDUs), staff of SERVICOM Office, members of Ministerial Service Charter Committees and frontline staff to gain deeper understanding and conversance with the dynamics of customer-centered service through setting and monitoring service standards and commitments contained in MDA's Service Charters.

 


KnSG Service Charter Guidelines October 2013.pdf  |  Download




Kano State Government SERVICOM Policy December 2013

This SERVICOM Policy sets out government intentions and directives for the implementation of SERVICOM to ensure improved customer-focused service delivery by MDAs to all citizens of Kano State. It is designed primarily to assist management of MDAs, staff of Service Delivery Units (SDUs), staff of SERVICOM Office, members of Ministerial SERVICOM Committees and MDA and Local Government frontline staff to gain deeper understanding and conversance with the dynamics of customer-centred service through setting and monitoring service standards and commitments contained in MDA Service Charters.

 


Kano State Government SERVICOM Policy December 2013.pdf  |  Download




Kano State Ministry of Education Customer Service Charter

Kano State Ministry of Education Customer Service Charter (July 2014).pdf  |  Download




Kano State Water Board Lessons Leaflet

The State Partnership for Accountability, Responsiveness and Capability (SPARC) recently supported the

Kano State Water Board (KnSWB) to develop its service charter and later carry out an Organisational

Review of the Board. This leaflet highlights successes from the engagement

 


Kano State Water Board Lessons Leaflet.pdf  |  Download




Kano State Water Board Results Leaflet

The State Partnership for Accountability, Responsiveness and Capability (SPARC) recently supported the

Kano State Water Board (KnSWB) to develop its service charter. This leaflet highlights results from the engagement.


Kano State Water Board Result Leaflet.pdf  |  Download




Katsina State Ministry of Finance, Budget and Economic Planning Corporate Plan Report: Main Findings and Recommendations

Corporate Planning activities were undertaken for the Ministry of Finance, Budget and Economic Planning (MoFBEP) in Katsina State.  The programme involved Functional and Performance Review, Process Review and Workforce Analysis.  The report presents a summary of the process undertaken to date as well as the emerging findings, recommendations and required next steps.  This report is to be submitted to the State Executive Council (ExCo) to brief members on activities completed to date and seek approval of recommended steps to enhance the performance of the ministry and for further steps to complete the corporate plan and programme implementation.


SPARC Report Katsina MoFBEP Corporate Plan Implementation Plan August 2013.pdf  |  Download




Lagos State Government Service Standards and Improvement Planning March 2013

This is a report on SPARC's training and support to a group of Service Delivery Unit Officers from phase one of the Service Charter MDAs in Lagos State, to help them with the development of implementable service standards, and Service Improvement Plans.

 


Lagos State Government Service Improvement Plan March 2013.pdf  |  Download




Lagos State leaflet - Professional Human Resource Management FAQs - July 2012

LAGOS_FAQs_version2.pdf  |  Download




Lagos State Office of Works Corporate Planning Phases 1 and 2 November 2013

The Corporate Planning methodology was introduced to the Office of Works and all stages in the Corporate Planning process were learnt and tested out by staff from the Offices of Transformation and Works during a three-day workshop. The CP process is being coordinated by the Office of Transformation as internal consultants, with a dedicated team of six staff facilitating the process. A Core Group comprising all Directors and unit heads in Office of Works will lead the Corporate Planning review and will be responsible for making critical decisions regarding any possible restructuring that may arise as a result of the Corporate Planning process.


The Office of Works is an arm of the Ministry of Works and Infrastructure, and it houses different experts: builders, electrical engineers, mechanical engineers, architects, quantity surveyors, monitoring and evaluation officers and administrative Office.


Stage one of the Corporate Planning process is the plan and included in this report as an appendix.


Stage two was conducted between November and December 2013. The Office of Transformation consultants supported by the State Partnership for Accountability, Responsiveness and Capability programme, facilitated the work sessions and through this process achieved the following:-


a) Reviewed and validated the Ministry, Department or Agency (MDA) Mandate;

b) Reviewed and validated Vision statement;

c) Reviewed and validated Mission statement;

d) Reviewed and validated Core values;

e) Reviewed and validated departmental medium term objectives.

 


Lagos State Office of Works Corporate Planning Phases 1 and 2 November 2013.pdf  |  Download




Lagos State Performance Against Service Standards - Assessment Tools and Methodology March 2014

The main thrust of this assignment was to work with the Lagos State Office of Transformation (OoT) to agree on best practice methodology for evaluating performance against service standards in Ministries, Departments and Agencies (MDAs) in Lagos State.

 

A participatory, hands-on and task oriented approach was used to empower OoT staff with capacity and confidence to facilitate Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) of service delivery processes that conforms with the provisions of the Lagos State Charter Policy and Guidelines. Through learning-by-doing participants were able to use the tools presented at the workshop to practice, discuss and agree on the best approach for conducting service delivery evaluations in Lagos State. A 'Service Charter Compliance Evaluation - how to guide' was produced following the workshop and is an annex to this report.


Lagos State Performance Against Service Standards - Assessment tools and Methodology March 2014.pdf  |  Download




Lagos State Revised MDA Mandate Mapping Guide - March 2013

Lagos State MDA Mandate Mapping Guide final edit March 2013.pdf  |  Download




Lagos State Service Charter Guidelines. July 2010 (Indicator O8)

PSM 5- LASG Service Charter Guidelines.July 2010 .pdf  |  Download




Lagos State Service Charter Initiative: Phase 1 Final Report

Lagos State service charter initiative - phase 1 July 2012 final report 8 9 12.pdf  |  Download




Lagos State Service Charter Policy April 2012

This Service Charter Policy sets out government intentions and directives for the implementation of Service Charters to ensure improved customer-focused service delivery by MDAs to all citizens of Lagos State.


Lagos State Service Charter Policy April 2012.pdf  |  Download




Lagos State Service Charter Policy. July 2010 (Indicator O8)

PSM 5 LASG Service Charter Policy-July 2010.pdf  |  Download




Lagos State Service Charters for First Phase MDAs - July 2012

LASG Service Charter for first phase MDAs - Lagos State Ministry of Education.pdf  |  Download
LASG Service Charter for first phase MDAs - Lagos State Ministry of Health.pdf  |  Download
LASG Service Charter for first phase MDAs - Lagos State Ministry of Motor Vehicle Administration Agency.pdf  |  Download
LASG Service Charter for first phase MDAs - Lagos State Civil Service Commision.pdf  |  Download
LASG Service Charter for first phase MDAs - Lagos State Civil Service Pensions Office.pdf  |  Download
LASG Service Charter for first phase MDAs - Lagos State House of Assembly .pdf  |  Download
LASG Service Charter for first phase MDAs - Lagos State Lands Bureau.pdf  |  Download
LASG Service Charter for first phase MDAs - Lagos State Ministry of Economic Planning & Budget.pdf  |  Download
LASG Service Charter for first phase MDAs - Lagos State Ministry of Physical Planning and Urban Development.pdf  |  Download
LASG Service Charter for first phase MDAs - Lagos State Office of Establishments Training & Pension.pdf  |  Download
LASG Service Charter for first phase MDAs - Lagos State Office of State Auditor General.pdf  |  Download
LASG Service Charter for first phase MDAs - Lagos State Public Service Office.pdf  |  Download
LASG Service Charter for first phase MDAs - Lagos State Waste Management Authority (LAWMA).pdf  |  Download
LASG Service Charter for first phase MDAs - Public Service Staff Development Centre (PSSDC) .pdf  |  Download




Lagos State Service Charters for First Phase MDAs - July 2012





LASG Office of Works CP Report March 2014

 

The Corporate Planning (CP) methodology was introduced to the Office of Works and all stages in the CP process were learnt and tested out by staff from the Offices of Transformation and Works during a 3-day Workshop. The CP process is being coordinated by the Office of Transformation as internal consultants, with a dedicated team of 6 staff facilitating the process. A Core Group comprising all Directors and unit heads in Office of Works will lead the CP review and will be responsible for making critical decisions regarding any possible restructuring that may arise as a result of the CP process.


The Office of Works is an arm of the Ministry of Works and Infrastructure, and it houses different experts: Builders, Electrical Engineers, Mechanical Engineers, Architects, Quantity Surveyors, Monitoring and Evaluation Officers and Administrative Office.

Stage one of the CP process is the plan and included in this report as an appendix.


Stage two was conducted between November and December 2013. The Office of Transformation (OoT) consultants supported by the State Partnership for Accountability, Responsivness and Capability (SPARC) programme facilitated the work sessions and through this process achieved the following:


a) Reviewed and validated Ministry, Department and Agency (MDA) Mandate.

b) Reviewed and validated Vision Statement.

c) Reviewed and validated Mission statement.

d) Reviewed and validated core values.

e) Reviewed and validated departmental medium term objectives.

 


LASG Office of Works CP Report March 2014.pdf  |  Download




NGF SPRM Base Document (Revised May 2013)

The overarching objective of the SPRM is to assist Federating States in Nigeria to accelerate the pace of their development through periodic reviews of progress in the implementation of their development policies, plans and programmes. This would be achieved through experience sharing among the States and the reinforcement of commendable and innovative practices unveiled in the process.


-   Enhanced collaboration among States in their quest for development;

-   Promotion of good governance through enhancement of transparency, accountability, participation and communication

-  Ensuring better service delivery (timeliness, quality and public access) through the progressive improvement of policies, planning,  budgeting and public service reform,on the one hand, and core sectors such as education, health, roads, water supply and agriculture on the other; and

 

-  Enhancement of federal-state cooperation and collaboration through participation of national I federal institutions such as the National Planning Commission, National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) and Office of the Senior Special Assistant to the President on MDGs in the review process.


FINAL BASE DOCUMENT -.pdf  |  Download




Niger State Government IGR Strategy January 2014

This report documents the assignment carried out under terms of reference NIG-PFM-25-A aimed at providing technical assistance to Niger State Government to develop a strategy for enhanced internally generated revenue (IGR). Specifically, the assignment has identified weaknesses in the current revenue administration procedures, and provides guidelines for developing a strategy for improving IGR and supporting the implementation of a revenue generation strategy.

 


Niger State Government IGR Strategy January 2014.pdf  |  Download




Niger State Public Service Workforce Status Report (2)

Niger State Public Service Workforce Status Report _2_.pdf  |  Download




Nigeria MDGs Presidential Summit Report

Following the signing of the Millennium Declaration in 2000 and the subsequent adoption of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), the Government of the Federal Republic of Nigeria initiated some innovative policy, institutional and financial measures towards implementing the MDGs. Notable among these were the dedication of the Debt Relief Gains (DRG) to the achievement of the MDGs, and the establishment of the Office of the Senior Special Assistant to the President on the MDGs (OSSAP-MDGs) to serve as the institutional and implementation catalyst for coordinating special interventions, as well as serving as a secretariat to the High-Level Presidential Committee on the MDGs. As the 2015 deadline of the MDGs draws near and in response to the global processes of designing a Post-2015 Development Agenda that addresses emerging issues drawing on lessons from the implementation of MDGs, the Government of Nigeria embarked on wider consultations from relevant stakeholders.

 

Nigeria is one of the early countries to begin activities on the Post-2015 Development Agenda. As early as 7 & 8 May 2012, OSSAP-MDGs organized an Expert Group Meeting on the new development agenda. This was followed very closely from 31 May - 1 June 2012 by the National Stakeholders' Consultative Forum on the Post-2015 Development Framework. Ever since then, various activities and consultations have been taking place towards planning for the MDGs successor framework in the country. Furthermore, Nigeria played an active role at the African regional level towards developing a Common African Position (CAP) on the Post-2015 Development Agenda.


Nigeria MDGs Presidential Summit Report.pdf  |  Download




Nigeria Road to the SDGs

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), signed by the President of Nigeria in September 2015, provide a more ambitious international framework for driving progress between 2016 and 2030. The jump from the MDGs to the SDGs is not simply a question of extending the timeline. New goals have been added, entirely new sectors have been introduced, and the SDGs now also specify the means by which goals should be achieved, not just outcome goals. An emphasis on rights, justice, social inclusion, sustainability, access to technology and reducing inequality will place new demands on policy at all stages - in planning, implementation and monitoring.

 

Achieving the SDGs will depend on completing the unfinished business of the MDGs, broadening the focus of the MDGs to new activities and sectors, and deepening these successes to ensure that the achievement of the SDGs is truly universal and no one is left behind (as described, for example, in Goal 1 to eradicate poverty). Luckily, Nigeria does not need to start from scratch. The experience of the MDGs, if properly leveraged, should provide the foundation for achieving the SDGs. Existing institutions, policies and knowledge provide a tried-and-tested platform for coordinating progress.

This transition strategy identifies lessons from the experience of the MDGs and details the new demands of the SDGs. It then suggests which arrangements from the MDGs should be perpetuated and what additional strategies should be introduced in seven thematic areas. Throughout, it balances the risk of too radical a change that might lose the institutional knowledge and learning over the past decade against the risk of business-as-usual and not adapting to the new demands of the SDGs.


Nigeria's Road to SDGs Leaflet.pdf  |  Download
Nigeria's Road to SDGs.pdf  |  Download




Perceptions Factsheets

The survey was conducted by NOI-Polls and commissioned by SPARC/PATHS2/ESSPIN.

The intended purpose of the study was to contribute to the baselines of the SLPs, provide data regarding citizens' perceptions and to support internal and external engagement with government on key issues. In addition, it was hoped that the factsheets themselves might usefully reinforce the necessary link between measures of public opinion and government activity.

Also attached is a summary note which provides information on how to use the factsheets.


Enugu Perceptions Factsheet 13-12-11.pdf  |  Download
Jigawa Perceptions Factsheet 13-12-11.pdf  |  Download
Kaduna Perceptions Factsheet 13-12-11.pdf  |  Download
Kano Perceptions Factsheet 13-12-11.pdf  |  Download
Lagos Perceptions Factsheet 13-12-11.pdf  |  Download
Perceptions Factsheet Crib Sheet 13-12-2011.pdf  |  Download




Report of the Assessment of Service Charter in the Fourteen (14) Pilot MDAs

The Lagos State administration in its quest to give excellent service delivery to the citizenry launched the first phase of Service Charter on 3rd July, 2012 with fourteen (14) selected MDAs as pilot; and following the Office of Transformation's presentation of progress report on the various Strategic Management Framework /Public Service Management activities to the State Executive Council members in September 2012, His Excellency, the Governor of Lagos state requested a progress report and Impact Assessment of the Service Charter in all participating MDAs


Report of the impact assessment of service charter in the 14 MDAs.pdf  |  Download




Self Assessment Performance Measurement Framework Report

This document contains the materials necessary to conduct of state level self-assessment of the current status and performance of public service management arrangements


Self Assessment Performance Measurement Framework 2011-2012.pdf  |  Download




Service Charter of the Lagos State Ministry of health

Service Charter of the Lagos State Ministry of Health.pdf  |  Download




Service charter of the Lagos State Office of the State Auditor General

Service Charter of the Lagos State Office of State Auditor General.pdf  |  Download




SPARC - Political Engagement for Governance Reform (Governance Reform in Nigeria) - April 2015

The State Partnership for Accountability Responsiveness and Capability (SPARC) is a UK-funded development programme working with 10 state governments in Nigeria to promote improvements in public sector management. The programme provides technical support to state governments aimed at strengthening their strategic planning processes and improving their management of financial and human resources. In order to achieve good results, SPARC must ensure that the support it provides is technically sound, responsive to the needs arising in the state, and adapted to the capability and willingness of state governments to implement reforms. Consequently, SPARC's work depends not only on transferring technical skills, but also on its ability to analyse and engage with local political processes. SPARC's approach to political engagement reflects broader currents in development practice, which emphasise the need for flexible and locally-led approaches to supporting reform in developing countries.

 

There is increasing criticism of supply driven approaches to reform, based on promoting standard packages of policy and technical measures, which may be labelled as international best practice, but often fail because they are not adapted to local political conditions. The recent literature emphasises the importance of "Problem Driven Iterative Adaptation" (PDIA), whereby development programmes are frequently adjusted according to an iterative process of experimentation, evaluation, lesson learning and redesign. This requires intensive political engagement to understand how programme interventions interact with local political processes.SPARC's approach has evolved in line with these trends, and recent reviews have highlighted the flexible, adaptive and politically informed nature of its programming.This briefing note explains SPARC's approach to political engagement, discusses the requirements for this approach to be successful, assesses the results that have been achieved, lessons learnt and the way forward. It is based on a longer case study conducted by SPARC to evaluate its approach to political engagement and a recent report by the Overseas Development Institute (ODI) on SPARC's approach to governance reform.


SPARC - Political Engagement for Governance Reform - April 2015.pdf  |  Download




SPARC Corporate Planning Guidance Pack Parts I and II June 2013

Corporate planning is a framework used by State Partnership for Accountability, Responsiveness and Capability (SPARC) to support state governments' Ministries, Departments and Agencies (MDAs) to: establish their mission, vision and strategic objectives, and configure their functions, structures, processes and workforce to meet the service delivery standards required from them. The approach has been used in different ways in each of the original five SPARC states. The methodology has also been introduced in the five new SPARC states. This Guidance Pack updates the methodology based on lessons learned about the corporate planning process to date and provides a variety of tools and templates to support corporate planning processes over the remainder of the SPARC programme. It is intended to be used by SPARC state teams and consultants, but also by state government officials with a role in supporting corporate planning in their states.

 

Part I is the Overview and Guidance, Part II is the Toolkit.


SPARC Corporate Planning Guidance Pack Part 1 Overview June 2013.pdf  |  Download
SPARC Corporate Planning Guidance Pack Part 2 Toolkit June 2013.pdf  |  Download




SPARC Final Report on Lagos State Revenue Administration - November 2012

This revenue base assessment was undertaken, to include formulation of strategies on expanding Lagos State's tax base and action plan on improving assessment and collection as well as enforcement.


FINAL REPORT On LASG REVENUE ADMINISTRATION-PFM-28-A.pdf  |  Download




SPARC Gender and Social Inclusion Mainstreaming Guide (January 2011)

The State Partnership for Accountability, Responsiveness and Capability (SPARC) Programme has made commitments to promoting gender equality and social inclusion in its technical support to state partners. Those commitments are in line with the Department for International Development (DFID) recognition that gender equality and social inclusion are important goals and are vital to poverty elimination, and the achievement of all the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).

In order to make good that commitment, SPARC is building in-house capacity for Gender and Social Inclusion (G&SI) mainstreaming to enable staff make appropriate G&SI considerations in their work and give them the confidence to provide quality technical support and advice to government partners. This Gender Mainstreaming Guide is intended to be a quick and handy toolkit to support the in-house capacity building and is therefore primarily for SPARC staff but can also be used to inform and guide government partners.

The Guide is presented in six sections, providing G&SI mainstreaming guidance and checklists related to SPARC work streams. Areas covered include:

  • DFID Approach to G&SI;
  • Applying G&SI mainstreaming;
  • G&SI in Policy/Programmes;
  • G&SI in Public Financial Management;
  • G&SI in Public Sector Management;
  • Dealing with Resistance to G&SI Mainstreaming.

Gender and Social Inclusion Mainstreaming Guide (January 2011).pdf  |  Download




SPARC How To Guide - How To Produce Policy Briefs: Experiences From Lagos State

Since 2009, the State Partnership for Accountability, Responsiveness and Capability (SPARC), a UK Department for International Development (DFID) funded programme has been providing support to the Lagos State Ministry of Economic Planning and Budget (MEPB) as a central agency. A major focus of the support is to ensure that MEPB develops policies and strategies that are based on research, data, and statistical evidence.SPARC helps Nigerian leaders and government workers change governance for the better and supports governance reforms already underway in the country. SPARC works in ten states (Anambra, Enugu, Jigawa, Kaduna, Kano, Katsina, Lagos, Niger, Yobe and Zamfara).

 

This How to guide is an outcome of the interactions of the embedded technical assistance from SPARC and the staff of the Lagos State MEPB Economic Intelligence Unit (EIU); a partnership that fostered a shared understanding of the transition from research findings to a policy brief. The guide presents a snapshot of how to develop policy briefs from research findings; it forms the backbone of future work by EIU in these areas.

 


How to produce policy briefs_Experiences from Lagos State.pdf  |  Download




SPARC Issues Flyer Revitalising the Engine of Enugu Public Service Reform

SPARC Issue Flyer Revilatising the Engine of Enugu Public Service Reform.pdf  |  Download




SPARC Issues Leaflet Developing strategies for key sectors

Since its inception in 2008, the UK Department for International Development's (DFID) State Partnership for Accountability, Responsiveness and Capability (SPARC) has been providing advice to Nigerian state governments on the development of strategies in key sectors. The  qualifying title given to these sector strategies is 'medium-term', which essentially means that they are meant to cover three years.

 

This leaflet explains the reasons why sector strategies need to be medium-term and then describes a set of 10 content standards with which a good medium-term sector strategy (MTSS) should be expected to comply. It also describes some of the successes states have had in the development of MTSSs, and, finally, it highlights some of the major challenges that still lie ahead.


Developing strategies for key sectors.pdf  |  Download




SPARC Issues Leaflet SPARC - Access for Sharing Knowledge: 'ASK'

In 2008, the Nigerian and UK Governments set up a partnership to support governance reforms - the State Partnership for  Accountability, Responsiveness and Capability (SPARC). SPARC has been working with 10 state governments for the last few years and a wealth of knowledge and experience ('know-how') has been accumulated. The SPARC 'ASK' helpdesk has been established as a place  with easy access through which to share this knowledge. This initiative is free of charge and accessible to all Nigerian state governments especially states where SPARC does not have an office.


SPARC - Access for sharing knowledge ASK.pdf  |  Download




SPARC Knowledge Management Strategic Plan (revised January 2011)

This document describes the strategic approach of the Knowledge Management (KM) work stream within the State Partnership for Accountability, Responsiveness and Capability (SPARC) Programme.

Section Two sets out how KM approaches can be applied so that they support and contribute to overall SPARC objectives, leading to a working definition of KM within the SPARC context. It builds upon earlier strategic thinking, and a record of those processes, consultations and contributory drafts can be found in the KM 'work stream innovation diary'.

It goes on to outline in Section Three the five strategic Dimensions of the KM work stream; their content, methodology and working assumptions, leading to outcomes for work plans which are fully elaborated in the SPARC annual work plans. Section Four describes how the KM work stream unit is to be structured and resourced and the Annex outlines our KM Communications Strategy in more detail.

This document is strategic; in that it:

  • Deals with relatively high level issues and approaches, and locates the KM work within SPARC overall objectives;
  • Sets out choices that have been made; what will (and will not) be pursued, and what the boundaries to KM work may be;
  • Describes the KM work in the context of other SPARC work streams and other State Level Programmes (SLPs), and the linkages and overlaps between them;
  • Aims to cover the long term; whilst the focus and detail will inevitably be sharper in the short term, it should provide a framework for longer-term planning, and will include exit-strategy considerations where possible;
  • Is intended to be relatively durable, compared to work plans which will change and adapt continually in the light of experience and demand.  However, it is not sacrosanct, and will be modified without hesitation when necessary.

 


SPARC Knowledge Management Strategic Plan revised January 2011.pdf  |  Download




SPARC Lesson Leaflet Open Government

This case study investigates the hypothesis that knowledge management has helped to open up governance reform processes in states where SPARC is working. Evidence for study was collected in early 2014 through a desk review, key informant interviews and a questionnaire survey in Lagos, Enugu, Niger and Jigawa States.


SPARC Case Study Open Government September 2014.pdf  |  Download




SPARC Lesson Leaflet State Peer Review Mechanism

This case study examined the influence of knowledge management in the State Peer Review
Mechanism in three states: Anambra, Niger and Ekiti. The study team tested the hypothesis
"The design and effective implementation of the State Peer Review Mechanism has been
materially aided by knowledge management inputs". The three phases of the case study
were a desk review, collection and analysis of quantitative and qualitative data, and report
writing. Quantitative data related to knowledge management roles and activities, while
qualitative data related to outcomes.


SPARC Case Study State Peer Review Mechanism September 2014.pdf  |  Download




SPARC Lessons Leaflet Arbitrate rather than litigate: Resolving differences quicker at the Lagos Multi-Door Courthouse

Arbitrate rather than litigate - Resolving differences quicker at the Lagos Multi-Door Courthouse.pdf  |  Download




SPARC Lessons Leaflet Beating a track through the land rights maze: Land registry reforms in Lagos

Beating a track through the Land rights maze - Land registry reforms in Lagos.pdf  |  Download




SPARC Lessons Leaflet Coordination

This case study tested the hypothesis that "State Partnership for Accountability, Responsiveness and Capability (SPARC) participation in sharing knowledge with other programmes has been of benefit". The study explored how coordination worked among UK Department for International Development (DFID) state-level programmes at a national level in Abuja and in two states, Lagos and Kaduna, between 2008 and 2014. The study method involved examning relevant documents, interviewing key informants and peer reviews.


SPARC Case Study Coordinating .pdf  |  Download




SPARC Lessons Leaflet Customers come first- Lessons from LAWMA

Customers come first- Lessons from LAWMA.pdf  |  Download




SPARC Lessons Leaflet Digital Pathways

This case study examines the digital pathways set up by the State Partnership for Accountability, Responsiveness and Capability (SPARC) programme for managing and sharing knowledge. The study team tested the hypothesis "Through its use for digital pathways SPARC facilitates the use and uptake of governance reform related information within SPARC, betwen states and through national/federal institutions" by reviewing relevant documents and web stattistics, interviewing staff and stakeholders, and online surveys.


SPARC Case Study Digital Pathways September 2014.pdf  |  Download




SPARC Lessons Leaflet Documenting Learning

This case study investigates the hypothesis that knowledge management (KM) has helped technical work streams to document activities, extract useful knowledge and share it using innovative platforms, thus making it easier for state governments to take up services and achieve their technical targets. Evidence for the study was collected through a desk review of KM tools, interviews with state partners and staff in Abuja, Enugu and Lagos State, and an online survey.


SPARC Case Study Documenting Learning September 2014.pdf  |  Download




SPARC Lessons Leaflet Good news spreads fast: Innovations in public finance management in Kano and Jigawa

Public financial systems in Nigeria are being  computerised, increasing accuracy and transparency. And, innovations in one state are being tried in  neighbouring states, showing that even without any formal intervention by state or national authorities,  useful system modifications will cross state lines.






SPARC Lessons Leaflet Lagos - Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow

The Lagos State Development Plan (LSDP) harmonises all these previous and existing policies and plans. It was prepared and formally  approved by the state's highest decision making body, the Executive Council. The plan expresses the political leadership's clear vision for Lagos in 2025 as: "Africa's Model Megacity and global, economic and financial hub that is safe, secure, functional and productive."


Lagos - Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow.pdf  |  Download




SPARC Lessons Leaflet Mainstreaming change: Bureau of Public Service Refore, Kaduna State

In 2009, the Kaduna State Government launched an ambitious programme to reform public
services. Previous efforts in reforming public services had stalled because there was no
specific agency responsible for coordinating changes.
To remedy this problem, the Kaduna State Government created a Bureau of Public Service
Reform - a dedicated office to track and manage reforms across the public service.
Addressing issues that hampered the new bureau took a while to sort out, and staffing the
bureau with appropriately skilled staff is still a challenge. Nevertheless, the new bureau is
well underway and is proving its worth in mainstreaming reform across government.


Mainstreaming change - Bureau of Public Service Reform Kaduna State.pdf  |  Download




SPARC Lessons Leaflet Monitoring Services - Lessons from MVAA Service Charter Implementation

Monitoring Services - Lessons from MVAA Service Charter Implementation.pdf  |  Download




SPARC Lessons Leaflet Putting the people's hands on the tap: Water management innovations in Kano State

People in the community around Wudil, southwest of the city of Kano in Northern Nigeria, now have continuous access to potable piped water, some for  the first time in 10 years. This is because of the  rehabilitation of the Wudil Regional Water Scheme  serving about 198,000 people. There are 15 similar regional schemes in Kano State and the government is keen to scale up the Wudil model to these schemes. If this were to happen, it has the potential to provide  continuous clean water to over one million people.


Putting the people's hands on the tap - Water management innovations in Kano state.pdf  |  Download




SPARC Lessons Leaflet Rapid Replication

The State Partnership for Accountability, Responsiveness and Capability (SPARC) uses a variety of knowledge management (KM) approaches and tools to facilitate learning between the states it works in. This case study tested the hypothesis 'KM tools can make existing SPARC programme supported reforms ideas rapidly available to an expanded number of states'. A desk review and inputs from SPARC programme staff helped identify which reforms to study. Interviews and questionnaires were then used to explore why the reform selected, how far the reform has worked and the role of KM in facilitating the reform process.


SPARC Case Study Rapid Replication September 2014.pdf  |  Download




SPARC Lessons Leaflet Service charters: Defining purpose and ensuring accountability to improve public services

Accountability is key to ensuring that Nigerian families have access to vital public services
such as transport, health and education. Service charters boost accountability by challenging
government bodies to publish exactly what services they aim to provide, how they will provide
them, and to what standard. Through doing so, Ministries, Departments and Agencies (MDAs)
are forced to focus on the services they are delivering, and question whether these services
really align to the public need.


Taking action, the Head of Service in Lagos State recently directed all MDAs to create and
distribute service charters.


Service charters - Defining purppose and ensuring accountability to improve public services.pdf  |  Download




SPARC Lessons Leaflet: Tackling Inequalities Lessons from SPARC

The State Partnership for Accountability, Responsiveness and Capacity (SPARC) has prioritised gender and social inclusion (G&SI) throughout its engagement with state governments and over the lifetime of the programme. SPARC places gender and social inclusion centrally when providing reform advice to government - ensuring governments planning, budgeting and delivery frameworks become increasingly gender and socially inclusive. This leaflet outlines lessons learned from SPARC's approach on tackling inequalities over the years.

 


Tackling Inequalities Lessons from SPARC.pdf  |  Download




SPARC Partner Results Leaflet The State Peer Review Mechanism: early signs of uptake

In 2007, the National Economic Council agreed that the Nigeria Governors' Forum (NGF) should develop a State
Peer Review Mechanism (SPRM). Modelled on the African Peer Review Mechanism developed by the New
Partnership for Africa's Development, the SPRM innovates by applying peer review at the sub-national level in order
to boost state governments' development. In May 2011, NGF launched the official base document containing the
fully developed SPRM guidelines.


The SPRM is in essence a performance self-assessment of the state, followed by examination and critique by other
states, with the goal of strengthening governance and sharing the knowledge gained. In 2011 and 2012, Anambra
State piloted the process, which yielded valuable recommendations for the State to further its development goals.
This trial paves the way for the NGF to roll out the SPRM, aspiring to have all Nigerian states involved in helping
each other improve policymaking


The State Peer Review Mechanism-early signs of uptake.pdf  |  Download




SPARC Report on First Stage Corporate Planning in OHoS MoF MoBEP and MoE in Yobe State June 2013

Report outlining the processes followed and the results obtained in the First Stage of Corporate Planning in the Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Budget and Economic Planning, Office of the Head of Service and the Ministry of Education in Yobe State Government. It details the Vision and Mission Statements together with the Strategic Objectives, Medium Term Objectives and Key Performance Indicators of the four Ministries.


SPARC Report on Yobe State First Stage Corporate Planning June 2013.pdf  |  Download




SPARC Results Leaflet Anticorruption: On a steady course

As a programme operating inside the governments of ten different states, SPARC does not
explicitly seek to identify and address corruption as this could be confrontational and
counterproductive. The programme has two approaches - first, closing down the spaces that
facilitate corruption by tightening procedures relating to the management of public finance and
the civil service; second, improving the robustness of planning frameworks and improving
transparency and accountability in planning. The programme works very closely with State
Accountability and Voice Initiative on transparency and accountability, and with them through
State Houses of Assembly to strengthen oversight.


SPARC Anticorruption Results Final.pdf  |  Download




SPARC Results Leaflet ASK Help Desk: Promoting Governanace Reform throughout Nigeria

By 2013, Nigerian partners and the State Partnership for Accountability, Responsiveness and Capability (SPARC) were generating a wealth of information, knowledge and experience, and had supported establishment of improved governance processes and procedures, particularly in the ten states supported directly by the programme. In order to extract the utmost value from this growing accumulation of know-how, the Knowledge Management (KM) team looked to find new ways of sharing programme outputs to influence wider change, particularly through replication in non-focus states.


ASK Help Desk - Promoting Governanace Reform throughout Nigeria.pdf  |  Download




SPARC Results Leaflet G&SI - Promoting better health, peace and sustainable growth in Lagos October 2015

G&SI- Promoting better health, peace and sustainable growth in Lagos - Web.pdf  |  Download




SPARC Results Leaflet Improving governance across Nigeria: an example from selected states

The State Partnership for Accountability, Responsiveness and Capability (SPARC) is a major
Department for International Development (DFID) programme working with partners in Nigeria's
state and federal governments to take a rounded approach to addressing difficult governance
reform issues. SPARC is doing this by helping state governments to identify and develop better
policies, better ways of managing finance and better ways of restructuring their civil service.

Following technical assistance support with a number of governments, these governments have
decided to implement changes which have resulted in significant savings, increased revenues
and better balanced budgets. Examples are outlined in this leaflet and include: increased state
revenues in Enugu of over £20 million in two years and £12 million in one year in Kaduna; over
£7 million saved in Katsina and Zamfara through removal of ghost workers and significant
health improvements in maternal mortality and child immunisation in Jigawa through better
planning and spending.


Improving governance across Nigeria - an example from selected states.pdf  |  Download




SPARC Theory of Change Synthesis September 2014

This document describes (and provides the evidence for) the Theory of Change of the State Partnership for Accountability Responsiveness and Capability. It shows how providing quality technical assistance helps state governments in Nigeria apply better practices which improves the way resources are used to deliver better services to improve people's lives.

 

The Theory of Change is to provide technical advice and guidance which, if applied, will enable state governments to improve processes for managing policies and strategies, public finances, and human capital.  This will enable Nigerian resources to be better applied to delivering services which meet the needs of citizens and reduce poverty, particularly in respect of health and education, and achieve the Millennium Development Goals.

 

It is not a simple linear process, and is beset with risks and assumptions, but the Theory of Change is borne out by global experience, and results are being delivered on the ground in some states, and in some areas these are demonstrating sustainability as they have become a matter of routine government business.

 

This document is designed to be easily accessible to staff of the programme, other programmes, the Department for International Development, and external stakeholders, to enable a better understand of the logic and results chain that we are attempting to follow in order to deliver results.

 

 

 


SPARC Theory of Change Synthesis September 2014.pdf  |  Download




SPARC Working Paper - Using Mobile Phone Technologies for SPARC - November 2010
This Working Paper (i) Researches options for potential uses of mobile phone technology for information sharing, communication and m-governance related issues for SPARC programme and Lead State key partners and (ii) Provides a summary brief of findings, including links to relevant websites and other programmes. The paper provides a section on conclusions and recommendations and identifies one or two practical uses.
SPARC Working Paper - Using Mobile Technologies for SPARC November 2010.pdf  |  Download




SPARC Working Paper Results and Lessons February 2013

This report records the results of various brainstorming sessions run at the State Partnership for Accountability, Responsiveness and Capability (SPARC) to identify new ways of promoting the programme to both Nigerian and international audiences. It is divided into three sections: (1) an overview of general communications drives relevant to promoting various aspects of SPARC; (2) a consideration of the work that will be done to market the resource centre; and (3) the development of a draft survey to help us better understand how partners gather information.


SPARC Working Paper Results and Lessons February 2013.pdf  |  Download




SPARC's Glossy Annual Report July 2013 - 2014

This annual report covers the year July 2013 to June 2014. The report describes work carried out during the year, and highlights achievements and challenges. SPARC billed 2013-2014 as the year of delivery, given that 2014-2015 will span an election period. The programme recorded much better progress towards outcomes and outputs in 2013-2014 than in 2012-2013. During 2013-2014, SPARC completed 93% of milestones compared to 86% in 2012-2013.

 

Given the diverse nature of states, the year 2013-2014 was both encouraging and challenging. The level of uptake of reform and institutionalization of processes was encouraging. Nevertheless, the political landscape in the run up to elections presents challenges.

 

State governments in the five states where SPARC began operating in 2012-2013 (Figure 1) have kept to joint agreed intervention approaches. Following elections, SPARC signed a new agreement with Anambra State.The agreement with Yobe was signed in June. Progress across the states where SPARC has been operating since 2008 has varied. Progress ranged from some improvement in budgeting systems, to better development of medium term sector strategies, building on monitoring and evaluation processes already instituted, and restructuring the civil service to enhance performance. Challenges across most states included delays in Executive Council approvals, and in producing final accounts and Auditor generals' reports. Weak capacity for establishing statistical offices, identifying qualified staff, deployment of ministry staff, political reshuffles and passage of bills also presented challenges.

 


SPARC Glossy Annual Report July 2013 - 2014_web.pdf  |  Download




State Partnership for Accountability, Responsiveness and Capability Annual Report (July 2012 - June 2013)

This annual report of the State Partnership for Accountability, Responsiveness and Capability (SPARC) programme covers the period August 2012-June 2013, the fourth year of implementation, and presents progress against work plans submitted in July 2012. The reporting period reflects a realignment of the operational year to 1 July-30 June to synchronise with Department for International Development (DFID) quarterly reporting.


SPARC_AR_12_13 WEB.pdf  |  Download




Strategic Options for Post 2015 MDGs Conditional Grants Scheme April 2015

The Conditional Grant Scheme (CGS) of the Office of the Senior Special Assistant to the President on Millennium Development Goals (OSSAP-MDGs) has been acknowledged to demonstrate the possibility that huge results could be achieved with a clearly articulated and focused programme of action. Framed out of the Federal Government's pledge to apply savings from the 2005 Debt Relief Gains (DRG) to pro-poor projects that enhance achievement of the MDGs, the CGS was designed to leverage additional resources through counterpart funding for social sector projects.

 

The CGS concept was born out of the understanding that many of the activities that are required to meet the MDGs are in fact the constitutional responsibilities of State Governments. The investments were designed towards ensuring local ownership and sustainability while empowering State and Local Governments to carry out their constitutional responsibilities and encouraging improvements in public expenditure reform and service delivery. The CGS process has two tracks - the CGS to States and the CGS to Local Governments. There is also the Conditional Cash Transfer (CCT) aimed at empowering certain skills. The CGS is run by a CGS Unit at OSSAPMDGs with supervision and coordination provided by the Presidential Committee on the Assessment and Monitoring of the MDGs and the National Committee on Conditional Grants Scheme (NCCGS) chaired by the Honorable Minister of Finance. The Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) framework allows private sector professionals and civil society organizations to review programme implementation and expenditure quality.


Strategic Options for Post 2015 MDGs Conditional Grants Scheme April 2015 Abridged.pdf  |  Download
Strategic Options for Post 2015 MDGs Conditional Grants Scheme April 2015 Complete.pdf  |  Download




Study visit on Kaduna State Public Service Reform initiatives by Kano State Government officials

Sequel to the Kaduna state Government efforts to reform its public service (with the support of DFID-SPARC and other Development Partners) and the successes so far recorded in these initiatives that led to the attainment of Number One (1) position in the just concluded Government Share Fair Market Place organized by UK department for International Development (DFID) on 12-13 March, 2012, Kano State Government officials paid a study visit on 25th April, 2012 ( as attached) to understudy the public Service Reforms and the ongoing reforms being implemented in the State.


Kano state study visit report.pdf  |  Download




Tackling Inequalities: Results achieved through Mainstreaming Gender and Social Inclusion across SPARC programmes

The State Partnership for Accountability Responsiveness

and Capability (SPARC) has mainstreamed

equalities issues throughout its programme, at federal

and state levels with a comprehensive set of work on

gender and social inclusion (G&SI). Specific initiatives

have included: providing specialist technical

assistance; designating focal point 'leads'; providing

capacity building and establishing a Community of

Practice (CoP).

SPARC provided direct and indirect support to state

governments' policy-making, planning, service

delivery, finance and human resource management

reforms to ensure that G&SI was appropriately

reflected in outputs. Although mainstreaming led to

progress, the need to supplement the approach to

pursue improved government practice and sector

outcomes became apparent. A continuum approach

was developed, evolving from

concepts to tools and capacity building, through

process development, towards outputs and impact -

and this has proved to be effective.

 


Tackling Inequalities Results Leaflet.pdf  |  Download




The Nigeria Millennium Development Goals Information System: what it is and how you can use it

The Nigeria Millennium Development Goals Information System(NMIS) captures baseline data on the majority of public andprivate health and education facilities, as well as waterfacilities situated within or close to the two sector facilitiesacross the country. The NMIS database records the facilitylocation, management, available services, infrastructure, staffand proximity to settlements, and allows users to examinefacilities by state and Local Government Area (LGA) and todownload raw data in order to conduct various kinds ofanalyses.

 

The development of the NMIS began in 2010 by the Office ofthe Senior Special Adviser to the President on MillenniumDevelopment Goals (OSSAP-MDGs) with technical support fromthe Earth Institute of Columbia University, New York, USA andthe State Partnership for Accountability, Responsiveness andCapability (SPARC) programme. The OSSAP-MDGs uses theNMIS to plan and implement the Conditional Grants Scheme(CGS) Local Government Track. On the 19th of August 2014,the NMIS was publicly unveiled and access to the system wasopened to the public.

 

Individuals and institutions may now use the NMIS data fordevelopment planning. The NMIS can be accessed athttp://nmis.mdgs.gov.ng.


P978_SPARC_NMIS_flyer_WEB.pdf  |  Download




Understanding the SPARC Resource Centre

SPARC has produced its Resource Centre as a way of
ensuring that the best of our technical documents are
easily available to our partners and team members.
Having these hand-picked resources easily available
will allow us to make best use of them throughout the
Programme's lifetime and beyond.


Understanding the SPARC Resource Centre.pdf  |  Download




Yobe Report of Establishment and Workforce Planning for Ministry of Finance June 2014

This report presents the outcome of the Establishment and Workforce Planning exercise of the Ministry of Finance (MoF), Yobe State which was started in March 2014 and completed in June 2014. This Establishment and Workforce Planning is part of the on-going Corporate Planning (CP) process in Yobe State public service. The Establishment plan first defined the approved posts available in the MoF, while the Workforce plan thereafter made judgement about putting the right people into the posts. This report further outlines the processes followed and provides the details of the results embodying specific decisions on retaining, deploying and retraining staff among others.


Yobe Report of Establishment and Workforce Planning for Ministry of Finance June 2014.pdf  |  Download




Yobe State - Recommendations on the Functions of MDAs in Yobe State Volume 2

Yobe State - Recommendations on the Mandates and functions of MDAs in Yobe State Volume 2.pdf  |  Download




Yobe State - Recommendations on the Mandates of MDAs in Yobe State Volume 1

His Excellency, the Executive Governor of Yobe State Alh. Ibrahim Geidam, (FCNA, CPA) has introduced various reform programmes aimed at bringing government closer to the people and making it a veritable instrument for effective and efficient service delivery.  One of the key elements of his public service reform programme is the mandate mapping of all ministries in the State. This report on Mandate Recommendations focuses on the ministerial mandates of Yobe State Government (YBSG). The Public Service Management (PSM) Core Group (CG) embarked on this exercise to create a comprehensive listing of all ministries with their mandates and to provide recommendations on overlaps, duplications, redundancies, ambiguities and identified gaps.

 

This formed the basis for the formation of the mandate mapping committee. It is hoped that this report on Mandate Recommendations will (a) lead to an accurate documentation and publication of the official mandates of all Ministries in the State; and (b) provide the foundation for future structural reviews and revisions that may be required to improve performance and accountability in the public service of Yobe State.


Yobe State - Recommendations on the Mandates and Functions of MDAs in Yobe State Volume 1.pdf  |  Download




Yobe State Government Personnel data form

Yobe State Government of Nigeria - Personnel Data Form.pdf  |  Download




Yobe State Mandate Mapping Questionaire

Yobe State Completed Mandate Mapping Questionaire.pdf  |  Download




DFID Reports

DFID - Eliminating World Poverty - Building-our-common-future - July 2009

DFID - Eliminating World Poverty - Building-our-common-future_July 2009.pdf  |  Download




DFID Gender in Nigeria Report 2012: Improving the Lives of Girls and Women in Nigeria

The DFID funded Gender in Nigeria Report 2012: Improving the Lives of Girls and Women in Nigeria was launched by Lamido Sanusi, Governor of the Central Bank & Ngozi Okonjo Iweala, Minister of Finance, last week in Abuja to great acclaim. The report is a huge success. PSA exec summary.

This study brings together existing facts on girls and women in Nigeria for the first time, into one attractive, user friendly format for advocacy and action. It was the first time many became aware of the scale and depth of the gender challenge in Nigeria. The report examines 5 key themes: economic development, health, education, political voice and violence against girls and women.

The social indicators in Nigeria are shocking for a country of such wealth and resources -  as you know

  • 1 woman dies every 10 minutes in child birth in Nigeria
  • Only 4% of girls finish secondary school in Northern Nigeria
  • 70% of girls and women cannot read or write a sentence in NN
  • 1 in 3 15 - 24 year olds have been a victim of violence

Over 700 key decision makers attended the event (many more than we expected). There was wide press coverage and a High Level Panel of distinguished and reformist Nigerians called for action. This included Faroq Lawan leading the anti-corruption agenda in the National Assembly around the fuel subsidy; Chidi Odinkalu Chairman of the National Human Rights Commission; Maryam Uwais eminent child rights lawyer & Hajiya Bilkisu journalist & founder of the Federation of Muslim Women in Nigeria. We also had two youth representatives from Kaduna and Lagos who spoke with real passion. Girl hub showed their 3 minute video Amina radio where a northern teenager talks of her dreams for herself and other girls.

The report and surrounding events are a key milestone in raising the profile of girls and women in Nigeria. DFID will build on the commitments and high level support and of course we are looking to work with you our partners as part of our big push on girls' and women's empowerment in Nigeria.

The full report can be found on the DFID website.

 


Gender in Nigeria 2012exec summary final 8 may WEB (1).pdf  |  Download




Full Reports

SPARC Final Report - Deepening the Baseline Scoping - July 2009
During the inception period, the State Partnership for Accountability, Responsiveness and Capability (SPARC) programme has been engaged in significant diagnostic work at the state level. Now that state government reform priorities and focal areas for SPARC support have been agreed, it is good practice to ensure there is adequate coverage and depth in the baseline, particularly in those areas of SPARC support. This scoping study sets out to identify data gaps and quality issues in the current baseline.***1 This is timely, as the baseline will become increasingly important as the programme moves into its implementation phase - when the robustness of the baseline will become vital for measuring change and informing the annual reviews process. The key findings of this study are: ***The purpose-level baseline is dependent on data sources that may not be repeated at mid-term or in 2014, and there is limited triangulation particularly in terms of measuring improvements in governance. Opportunities to work with SAVI and the other SLPs should be actively sought. ***Decisions on the format and procedures for the Annual Reviews should be finalised as soon as possible. In particular, there needs to be clarification about what the programme monitors, and whether this is against the intermediate outcomes (for 2010) or relative progress towards the target outcome for 2014? Also, whether such Annual Reviews should be supported by a full SEAT process or lighter alternatives. *** At the output level, the SEAT ratings are more robust for Public Financial Management (PFM) due to the use of the internationally accepted PEFA method. For Public Sector Management (PSM) and Policy and Strategy (P&S), these have been innovative processes that have been developed during the inception period. While the robustness of the SEAT scores should improve in time, the baseline evidence needs to be strengthened in other ways. *** There are inconsistencies between the Logical Framework and Change Matrices that make it problematic to drill down to the underlying evidence base from Baselines A and B. In particular, some of the descriptive indicators in the logical framework do not clearly relate to the Change Matrices - something that will undermine consistent monitoring. ***As SPARC works jointly with state governments, even relatively minor political changes can make a difference between rapid progress or otherwise. The logical framework assumptions should therefore be more actively monitored; especially the political risks as these can help explain slow progress that might become evident through the monitoring of performance. (Footnote):1 The Scoping Study is now entitled, Deepening the baseline, although the original TOR title is, Updating baselines against the SPARC logframe.
SPARC_Final Report_M&E_Deepening the Baseline Scoping Report_July 2009.pdf  |  Download




Other

Call for CVs for Consultants the State Peer Review Mechanism

CALL_FOR_CVS _Roster_NG WEB (2).pdf  |  Download




Conditional Grants Scheme: Accelerating progress in the Millennium Development Goals and improving lives

The Conditional Grants Scheme (CGS) is a unique

initiative of the Office of the Senior Special Assistant to

the President on the Millennium Development Goals

(OSSAP-MDGs). The programme allows the Federal, State

and Local Government Authorities (LGAs) to jointly fund

investments in the MDG-related areas of Health,

Education, Water and Sanitation, Income and Wealth

Creation and Conditional Cash Transfers, with the aim of

improving the lives of the most vulnerable in Nigeria.

The Scheme has also been able to foster partnership with

various development partners towards accelerating the

pace of development across the 36 states.

SPARC is one of the key partners that have supported the

OSSAP-MDGs in the implementation of the CGS towards

accelerating the achievement of the MDGs.

 


SPARC_CGS_factsheet.pdf  |  Download




DFID @ Work in Lagos - Supporting Development (Issue 1, April 2013)

This is a quarterly publication of DFID programmes in Lagos State that higlights key results and impacts

of these Programmes in Lagos.


DFID Lagos progs newletter - FINAL 3.15 04 13 docx.pdf  |  Download




DFID @ Work in Lagos - Supporting Development (Issue 2, August 2013)

This is a quarterly publication of DFID programmes in Lagos State that higlights key results and impacts

of these Programmes in Lagos.


DFID at work in Lagos - No 2 Aug 2013 (2).pdf  |  Download




DFID @ Work in Lagos - Supporting Development (Issue 3, October 2013)

Updated and final version of the DFID at work in Lagos - Vol 3. Oct 2013.pdf  |  Download




DFID @ Work in Lagos - Supporting Development (Issue 4, April 2014)

Final version of the DFID_at_work_in_Lagos - Vol 4. Apr 2014.pdf  |  Download




How to Guide: Establishing a State Bureau of Statistics June 2015

The main purpose of this How to Guide is to provide a step-by-step approach on 'How to Establish a State Bureau of Statistics', based on the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) State Statistical Master Plan. It also includes experience-based information on the need and value of statistics which are independent, relevant, credible, accurate, reliable and accessible.


How to Guide- Establishing a State Bureau of Statistics.pdf  |  Download




MDG Summary Cards (2010)
These Summary Cards highlight specific areas of progress towards achieving the MDGs in Nigeria. They were prepared for the UN General Assembly Special Session held on 20-22 September 2010 in New York with support from SPARC.
countdown_strategy_summary card_2.pdf  |  Download
local_government_summary card_6.pdf  |  Download
malaria_summary card_5.pdf  |  Download
MDG_summary card_1.pdf  |  Download
midwives_summary card_7.pdf  |  Download
monitoring_debt_relief_summary card_4.pdf  |  Download
polio_summary card_3.pdf  |  Download
teachers_summary card_8.pdf  |  Download




Minimum Criteria for World Bank Direct Budget Support

World Bank Component D-Improvement in Public Financial Management in Selected States.pdf  |  Download




News Story on the Inauguration of the Coordination Committee on Governance Sector in Lagos

News story on the Inauguration of the Coordinating Committee for Governance Sector in Lagos.pdf  |  Download




NGF Governance Share Fair South West States, Nigeria (May, 2013)

Booklet describing the Share Fair held for the six south-western states: Ekiti, Lagos, Ogun, Ondo, Osun and Oyo in May, 2013.


NGF Governance Share Fair for South West States.pdf  |  Download




Northern States Governance Share Fair

1 - GOVERNANCE SHARE FAIR-1.pdf  |  Download




ODI SPARC Case Study - Study of the SPARC approach to governance reform

There is growing consensus that, to be effective, public sector reform (PSR) programmes, and indeed development interventions generally, need to move away from an international 'best practice' model towards one more attuned to 'best fit'. This shift has major implications for PSR assistance, including the need for detailed political analysis in its design, implementation and monitoring; the adoption of problem-driven approaches; drawing on local knowledge; and allowing for flexibility and experimentation throughout.

 

Nigeria is one of the UK Department for International Development's (DFID's) largest governance portfolios, and the State Partnership, Accountability, Responsiveness and Capability (SPARC) programme is one of its central components. This study assesses how the SPARC programme functions in light of recent shifts in PSR thinking and practice, and considers lessons for future governance reform programmes. Recent literature on supporting PSR in developing countries emphasises the importance of more localised and flexible methods of supporting institutional change. This report reviews 10 factors emerging from recent literature and practice to guide an analysis of SPARC's design and implementation. These can be grouped under four principles: Thinking and working politically: do, and use, political economy analysis (PEA), engage a broad range of stakeholders and seize windows of opportunity; Locally led and problem-driven: identify local problems and enable locally driven solutions; Be flexible and responsive: be experimental and adaptive, focus on pockets of effectiveness, allow sequencing of support to be flexible and use South-South skill-sharing and networking; Use integrated approaches.


ODI- SPARC case study.pdf  |  Download




PEFA - PFM Performance Measurement Framework

There is wide agreement that effective institutions and systems of public financial management (PFM) have a critical role to play in  supporting implementation of policies of national development and poverty reduction. This PEFA PFM Performance Measurement
Framework has been developed as a contribution to the collective efforts of many stakeholders to assess and develop essential PFM systems, by providing a common pool of information for measurement and monitoring of PFM performance progress, and a common platform for dialogue. The development of the Framework has been undertaken by the Public Expenditure Working Group, which  involves World Bank, IMF and PEFA staff, with direction provided by the PEFA Steering Committee.


The PEFA PFM Performance Measurement Framework incorporates a PFM performance report, and a set of high level indicators which draw on the HIPC expenditure tracking benchmarks, the IMF Fiscal Transparency Code and other international standards. It forms
part of the Strengthened Approach to supporting PFM reform, which emphasizes countryled reform, donor harmonization and alignment around the country strategy, and a focus on monitoring and results. This approach seeks to mainstream the better practices that are
already being applied in some countries. The Framework has been developed through a concerted international effort, rather than by
a single agency, and has undergone a process of wide consultation and country-level testing. A draft of the Framework, dated February 12, 2004, was applied in 24 country cases, largely through desk exercises. Numerous consultations took place, including with the DAC Joint Venture on PFM, a group of African PFM experts, and government representatives from Eastern Europe and Central Asia.

 

Comments were also received from practitioners within the World Bank, IMF, other PEFA partners, government agencies and professional organizations. From this feedback, improvements and clarifications have been made, and the Framework finalized. The improvements include extended coverage in the areas of revenue collection systems and inter-governmental fiscal relations. The related
indictors therefore have not been tested to the same extent as the rest of the set. Early lessons from application of the Framework will be drawn through a review to be
undertaken in 2006.


SEAT Performance Measurement - PFM.pdf  |  Download




SJG Brochure on Land Registry reform

SJG_Brochure_Land_Registry_March_10.pdf  |  Download




SJG Brochure on Multi-Door Courthouses

SJG_Brochure_Multi_Door_Courthouse_March_10.pdf  |  Download




SPARC Guidance Note - Monitoring & Evaluation

SPARC_Guidance Note_Monitoring & Evaluation.pdf  |  Download




SPARC News from Kaduna (March 2012)

GSF news from Kaduna (March 2012)-1.pdf  |  Download




SPARC Planning Suite- How to Guides on: Preparing a Policy; SDP; MTSS and PMR

The State Partnership for Accountability, Responsiveness and Capability (SPARC) was designed by the UK Government's Department for International Development (DFID) to improve governance for better service delivery in originally five, now ten, state governments of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.

 

Despite the wealth of resources in the country, development indices in Nigeria remain low. Although there is considerable variability across the country, 60.9% of the population live in poverty, nearly one quarter of the working age population are unemployed, 630 women still die in child birth per 100,000 live births, and nationally 25% of girls do not complete their primary education. An underlying cause is thought to be weak governance.

 

SPARC has produced four Policy and Strategy Guides to improve the impact of state government efforts to deliver public goods and services in order to improve the welfare of citizens. The four guides are:

  • Guide 1: Preparing a Policy;
  • Guide 2: Preparing a State Development Plan;
  • Guide 3: Preparing a Medium-Term Sector Strategy;
  • Guide 4: How to Conduct a Sector Performance Review.

Taken together, the guides suggest a policy and planning cycle that embraces:

  • Evidence-based policy priority choices;
  • Preparing a State Development Plan to define the overarching policy position of the state and the expected outcomes;
  • Detailing these policy priorities into programmes and projects that are realistic and costed in a Medium-Term Sector Strategy that provides the base for preparing the annual budget;
  • A method for assessing performance of activities included in the strategy and funded in the budget to provide lessons for the future.

The Policy and Strategy Guides are multi-purpose. Although they can be read from the beginning to the end, this may not be the best way to use them. States may be at different stages in making their policies, plans or strategies or may need to strengthen their working in certain areas. What is important is not to skip any steps, particularly in choosing and assessing options and getting buy-in from important parties. Time saved by cutting corners and not keeping those who need to know in the loop may lead to delays and poor or deficient policy further down the track. If priorities have not been thought through or accepted by those with important roles to play in developing policy, the process may falter or fail.

 

The Policy and Strategy Guides are intended to be useful for state governments (at a technical, executive and political level), legislatures and civil society. They are intentionally short and do not address all the nuances of what are complex issues. They do not cover everything. The steps are not exhaustive and there is scope to add. However, each guide is comprehensive enough to introduce concepts and methods that will provide a road map to lead politicians and civil servants through often difficult and sensitive tasks and decisions. More specific advice can also be sought from other DFID programmes.


SPARC How to Guide 1 Preparing a Policy.PDF  |  Download
SPARC How to Guide 2 Preparing a State Development Plan.pdf  |  Download
SPARC How to Guide 3 - Preparing an MTSS.PDF  |  Download
SPARC How to Guide 4 Conducting a Sector Performance Review.PDF  |  Download




State Documents

Kaduna Change Programme Brochure for Civil Service Week
The Kaduna Change Programme Brochure for Civil Service Week was produced by the state Government and formally presented by the Governor at Civil Service week.
Kaduna Change Programme Brochure for Civil Service Week.pdf  |  Download




Kano State Economic Empowerment and Development Strategy (K-SEEDS)
Before the assumption of office after election, the present administration engaged in consultations with all stakeholders in the State, and came up with a blue print of action on how to make Kano state a strong socio-economic force and a model in the country. The main aim was to develop a society that is self reliant cherishes self respect and good ethical conduct in all aspects of human endeavour. We also committed ourselves to providing a leadership style that is accountable at all levels, and run an open government that is accessible and responsive to peoples needs. Therefore, the introduction of SEEDS as a compliment of the National Economic Empowerment and Development Strategy (NEEDS) initiative has enhanced our initial plan to introduce relevant socio-economic reform measures as well ensuring that all projects and programmes are properly planned and timely executed. The State Economic Empowerment and Development Strategy (K-SEED), which is a medium term plan, is an integrative initiative for the economic and social development of the Kano State Citizens. It is our plan to implement KSEEDS with support from our development partners, over the next three years. The K-SEEDS is focused on local needs, local priorities, local aspirations, local values, local development objectives/targets and local strategies. The program covers all the sectors we avowed to focus; agriculture, small and medium enterprises, health, education, environment, youth/women development, mineral resources and general infrastructure as well as public service reforms. The overall objective is anchored on poverty reduction, wealth creation, employment generation and societal re-orientation. Each of these objectives has been allotted specific targets and verifiable outputs to assist us in measuring our performance. Finally, it is my ardent hope that implementing the projects and programmes contained in KSEEDS will result in the overall improvement of the living conditions of our people. Malam Ibrahim Shekarau Executive Governor Kano State.
K-SEEDS Final Document.pdf  |  Download




LSG MEPB MTSS Stakeholders Forum

LSG MEPB MTSS Stakeholders Forum.pdf  |  Download




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